Operations management and execution.
Setting and defining strategy.
He notes at the end of his piece:
“One CEO with whom I have worked remarked that physicians and nurses run the risk of losing their clinical identities as they develop into executives. It would be a shame if they did. As they transition to careers in the business of healthcare, clinicians must hold on to the heart and practice of medicine as they continuously develop the core executive skills required to effectively lead and shape their organizations. healthcare will be markedly better for it.”